Khudoiar L. V.

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 30 (2019),
209-217 p.

DOI: 10.33663/0869-2491-2019-30-209-217

Khudoiar L. V. Origins of the principle of equality in the European constitutionalism of the late XVIII early XIX century.

The problem of establishing the principle of equality in European constitutionalism is highlighted. The content of the liberal-democratic concept of the principle of equality in the first constitutional acts of France, Spain and Belgium is analyzed. The relationship and interdependence of the principle of equality with the principles of a liberal democratic constitutional system, such as freedom, democracy, sovereignty of the nation, inviolability and inalienability of natural human rights, equality before the law, etc. are revealed.

In the period of the rise of revolutionary movements in Europe at the late XVIII early XIX century the emergence of liberal-democratic constitutionalism in the European constitutional tradition was marked by the consolidation of the principle of equality in constitutional acts of European countries and in the monuments of European constitutional thought. At that time, the main ideas and principles that defined the content of the constitutional principle of equality in European constitutional thought were formulated.

The main aspects of the principle of equality, reflected in the constitutional acts of the late XVIII early XIX century were the following ideas and provisions: equality of citizens in the rights and obligations and guarantees of personal integrity; equality before the law and the court; equal access to state and public positions; freedom of peaceful assembly, unions, organizations for all citizens; freedom of speech, thought, printing for all citizens; liquidation of class and class inequality ets.

Key words: the principle of equality, European constitutionalism, freedom, equality, the Declaration of human rights and citizen in 1789, the onstitution of France in 1791, the Constitution of Spain in 1812.

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