Tokarchuk O.

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 30 (2019),
473-483 p.

DOI: 10.33663/0869-2491-2019-30-473-483

Tokarchuk O. National motives of the state structure in political and legal think of the Ukrainian intellectuals of the 20-30th of the 20th century.

In article concepts of statehood and the nation of the Ukrainian intellectuals in emigration of the interwar period A. Bochkovsky, V. Starosolsky, S. Dnistryansky is considered. Key approaches of scientists are allocated, deepened knowledge of the people, nation, the state, the power, political parties, about the law of the nations for self-determination.

At the present stage of the Ukrainian state there is a need for a research, generalization and application not only achievements of a world thought, but also prophetical statements and the ideas of the Ukrainian intellectuals in the abroad.

Among the Ukrainian intellectuals in emigration of the interwar period who paid considerable attention to problems of creation of future independent Ukrainian state A. Bochkovsky, V. Starosolsky, S. Dnistryansky had noticeable influence. The research of their works allows allocating stages: formations and development of the nation; the right of the enslaved people for national territories which are a natural prerequisite of successful development of the people; ideals of the truth and justice as guarantee of moral revival of humans.

The aspiration to prove statehood of Ukraine on the basis of the right of the nations for self-determination was characteristic feature of theoretical achievements of domestic scientists. The new principles of creation of the post-war world which are put forward by V. Wilson and the League of Nations, steel for the Ukrainian emigrants the principles of really political practice and political philosophy.

Today scientists are faced by a task having studied scientific concepts of predecessors, and first of all, political refugees to find among them the examples, most acceptable for the present. With their help political experts figures will make attempt of successful development of Ukrainian to the power. Search of further prospects demands development of new approaches to the analysis of political and legal reality. At the same time social, historical, national, cultural and moral bases of the Ukrainian people should not be lost. Thus, in a basis of planning and implementation of effective reforms have to first of all fundamental human rights and historical experience, but not a temporary political environment of separate social groups are put.
We consider that clarification of historical bases of statehood of any country belongs to a national security issue. About it we are constantly convinced on the example of existence of the modern independent Ukrainian state.

Key words: state, nation, law, political relations, A. Bochkovsky, V. Starosolsky, S. Dnistryansky.

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