Derets Viktoria

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 31 (2020), 372-380 p.

Derets Viktoria. Improvement of legal bases of the system of central bodies of executive power of Ukraine

Introduction. By this time the ministry has not yet become central bodies of executive power (CEB), whose leading function is the formation of State policy. The type chosen for another CEB does not always correspond to the features performed by this organ. It is difficult to separate the "functions in the implementation of State policy" from "some functions for implementing State Policy". The law does not define "public policy". This negatively affects the functioning of the CEB system.

The aim of the article. The purpose of the article is analysis of existing problems in organization and activity of the system of the CEB and scientific substantiation of ways of their solution.

Results. The term "ministry" means a kind of CEB has two main features: 1) The ministry responsible for the development of State policy; 2) The ministry is headed by a member of the government-a politician and not a government official.

The main purpose of the executive power-solving body of social problems; Task A set of measures that are derived from the main goal and subject to resolution to achieve it, specify the main purpose of the activity of the Authority; The function is activity related to obtaining a clearly defined final result which directly reflects the goal achievement and tasks of the executive authority.

As for the optimal number of ministries in Ukraine, we believe that the decisive should be that all directions of the State policy are in the sphere of influence of the government, their unjustified chopping or consolidation between the ministries, as well as the chosen The number of ministries allowed to implement program of CMU.

Along with the agencies, services and inspections should allocate another category of "other" CEBs, which neither in the form nor on the functional orientation do not belong to services, agencies, inspections.

State policy-enshrined in the Constitution and laws of Ukraine, other acts of legislation the rules of operation and strategic objectives of the State and their due directions of activity of the State, approved by the decisions of the competent bodies of State power.

Conclusions. The basis for the reform of the existing system of COIS proposed to put a division of functions in the formation of State policy and functions for the implementation of State policy. The CMU should provide for the formation and implementation of State policy. Ministry to form State policy and ensure its implementation. Other CEBs implement State policy.

The legislation should define the meaning of the term "public policy". The tasks and functions of ministries shall be clearly defined. The type of each other CEB (service, Agency, inspection) shall comply with the legally fixed features for it.

Keywords: system of Central executive bodies, ministries, other central bodies of executive power, State policy, formation of State policy, implementation of State policy.

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