Drozdovych Nadiia

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 31 (2020), 434-442 p.

Drozdovych Nadiia. Conditions of admissibility of procedural analogy in criminal proceedings in Ukraine

The article deals with the role of procedural analogy in the process of overcoming legislative gaps. The objectivity of the causes of such a legal phenomenon is established and their main types are indicated. At the same time, the current state of the legislative definition of procedural analogy in the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine is described, as well as the relevance of this issue in the doctrine of the criminal process; the author's various scientific approaches to the admissibility of procedural analogy in the field of criminal procedural legal relations are ascertained, and a scientific discussion is considered on the possibility of using the procedural analogy as a means of overcoming the gaps in the statutory regulation. Therefore, the paper deals with the place of procedural analogy among other ways of overcoming the gaps (interpretation and judicial precedent), which gives the opinion that the procedural analogy is the most expeditious way of eliminating the legislative gaps up to the moment of legislative settlement of a particular issue and performs the function of providing the most effective solution to a specific legal situation and to ensure compliance with the principles of a fair criminal trial in the absence of certain criminal procedural norms. Against this background, an understanding of the procedural analogy as a way to increase the efficiency of the law enforcement is proposed. The main presentation of the article is related to the consideration of the theoretical and forensic and practical aspect of determining the conditions under which a procedural analogy is permissible in criminal proceedings. A description of theoretical ideas about the conditions under which a procedural analogy can be used is also provided, and a generalized version of such conditions is given as a result. Along with the doctrinal ideas on the admissibility of the use of procedural analogy in criminal proceedings, the conditions under which the application of legal norms by analogy is not allowed are also noted. Such provisions on cases of inadmissible application of procedural analogy were also reflected in the case law of the court of cassation, examples of which are given in the publication, with the separation of the formed legal conclusions on particular issues of application or inadmissibility of application of procedural analogy in criminal proceedings.

Key words: procedural analogy, legislative gaps, conditions of admissibility of procedural analogy, conditions of inadmissible application of procedural analogy.


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