Falaleeva Liudmyla

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 31 (2020), 463-475 p.

Falaleeva Liudmyla. Respect for human rights as a component of the construction of European identity and the Constitution of Ukraine

Introduction. The research highlights the importance of respect for human rights as one of the important factors in the construction of European identity, reveals its conceptual problems, nature and peculiarities, taking into account the fundamental values of a democratic society, as well as the differences between the processes of European integration and Europeanization. The revision of the Constitution of Ukraine by confirming the European identity of the Ukrainian people and the irreversibility of the European course of Ukraine is analyzed. The above emphasizes the relevance of the chosen research topic.

The aim of the article is to highlight the importance of respect for human rights in the construction of European identity, which is the result and instrument of the development of integration processes, interaction in the process of European integration.

Results. The system-functional method has made it possible to comprehensively characterize the mechanisms and factors of European identity construction in combination with the disclosure of theoretical and practical aspects of the problem. By applying the comparative legal method, a comparative analysis of the new provisions of the Constitution of Ukraine and the norms of the constitutions of some EU Member States is carried out. In substantiating the theoretical conclusions, the author used formal-legal and formal-logical methods. The modern practice and doctrinal views on the issues discussed were analyzed.

Conclusions. It is emphasized that the foundation of European identity is an awareness of the value and a steady respect for human rights, the creation of a comfortable environment for it at the most favorable level for life. It is noted that there is no unified conceptual model for the construction of European identity, and the presence of a significant number of approaches towards its construction influences on the effectiveness of the approaches, depending on various factors. At the same time, it is emphasized that the construction of a European identity and the search for its most appropriate conceptual model is one of the important conditions for the effective functioning of the EU, enhancing synergies between supranational and intergovernmental components of integration processes.

Key words: European integration, Europeanization, integration processes, the European Union (EU), European identity, self-identification, fundamental rights, respect for human rights, the Constitution of Ukraine.

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