Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 33 (2022), 314-324 p.
Kostetska Tetiana. On electronic parliamentarism in ukraine: implementation strategy and development factors
The article is devoted to certain aspects of the strategy of e-democracy development conceptually defi ned in Ukraine a few years ago, the implementation of which are envisaged at the national, regional and local levels. The article deals with the characteristic trends of world theoretical thought and democratic practice, some doctrinal bases for the implementation of e-democracy processes. The main ones are: openness and accountability of public authorities at all its levels, transparency of the decision-making process, ensuring the participation of citizens on the basis of the use of modern communication technologies (²ÑÒ). The author points out that despite the increasing attention of researchers, both foreign and domestic, to the various issues of e-democracy, e-parliamentarism, e-parliament, e-government, set out in fundamental and applied works, scientifi c articles, etc., the need for new interpretations these phenomena remain. In the article pays attention to the correspondence of the developed directions and tasks to the theory and practice of e-democrac in strategic documents developed and adopted at the secondary level (The concept of e-democracy development in Ukraine and the action plan for its implementation, approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from 8.11.2017, ¹ 797-ð.). Introduction of e-parliamentarism is one of the main components of its development process.
In today’s realities, the issue of parliamentarism, understanding the role and purpose in a democratic state, its development in Ukraine, can be called one of the most relevant areas of research for modern domestic constitutionalism. Updated scientifi c generalizations of the concept of the functioning of parliamentarism in Ukraine are needed. At the same time, in this case we are talking about a political and legal category and a rather complex, multidimensional phenomenon, which in jurisprudence, as they admit, has not yet reached a common understanding of its essence. Based on international legal documents, in particular, on the functioning of modern national parliaments based on the use of ICT to ensure their eff ective functioning of parliament, transparency, openness, etc., one of the most important and promising components of e-democracy in Ukraine is electronic (digital) parliamentarism.
At the same time, the need to analyze the eff ectiveness of the results of the implementation of certain strategic plans, positive developments, as well as possible shortcomings of the envisaged domestic model. It is emphasized that parliamentary activity is a refl ection of the processes taking place in society, the state, is an indicator of the level of democracy of the state, the maturity of civil society, a factor of stability of social development, etc. The future improvement of the Ukrainian parliament is connected with the development of the e-parliament. It is emphasizes, that the activities of the e-parliament in accordance with the strategic objectives were actually started before the full-scale Russian war against Ukraine. The author distinguishes separate areas, mechanisms for improving the forms of organization, functioning of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine as an e-parliament, its features in martial law.
Key words: e-democracy, e-parliamentarism, e-parliament, information and communication technologies.
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