Kukuruz Oksana

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 33 (2022), 560-567 p.

DOI: 10.33663/1563-3349-2022-33-560-567

Kukuruz Oksana. Scientific consulting of parliament: theory and Ukrainian practice

The reform of the Ukrainian parliament, initiated by a strategic document the Roadmap on Internal Reform and Capacity-Building for the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine developed by the Needs Assessment Mission of European Parliament led by P. Cox, has been going on for six years. Problems that still need to be addressed include the low quality of laws developed and adopted by deputies.

One of the immanent components of law-making, which can dramatically aff ect the quality of regulations, is the scientifi c basis. It can be provided by scientists on the condition of active participation in the work of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and taking into account their reasonable proposals.

The aim of the article is to study the theoretical foundations of scientifi c consulting and to determine the practical problems and prospects of scientifi c consulting of the Ukrainian Parliament.

The methodological basis of the study is analysis, synthesis, dialectical method, comparative method, social constructivism. As a result of studying the theoretical aspects of consulting, analysis of European and Ukrainian institutions that provide advice to public authorities, a notion scientifi c consulting of parliament was formulated.

The role of scientifi c advice is to help parliamentarians objectively identify the problem that needs to be addressed; indicate the reasons for its occurrence; describe the state of the problem and possible consequences of its development; suggest ways to solve it.

The analysis of the Ukrainian practice of interaction between parliamentarians and scientists shows that in Ukraine it is necessary to develop the institute of scientific consulting. The issue of proper attitude to science and scientists in society and the state, including their potential to improve the quality of public policy and positive law, should be introduced into public discourse. Also need to promote an approach in which scientifi c consulting is seen as a tool to improve the effi ciency of parliament.

Key words: parliament, parliamentary reform, expert, consultant, scientific consulting of parliament.

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