Kvasha Roman

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 33 (2022), 507-515 p.

DOI: 10.33663/1563-3349-2022-33-507-515

Kvasha Roman. Juvenile anti-criminal policy: concepts and tasks

Introduction. Signifi cant prevalence of juvenile delinquency, primarily violent and selfi sh, is due to many factors: the destruction of the school education system, including lack of patriotic upbringing of adolescents, uncontrolled demonstrations of violence in the media and the Internet, defects in family upbringing, neglect youth and other shortcomings of public policy in this area. The primary need of any state is to ensure the comprehensive development and self-realization of every child, so the support of young people should be one of the main priorities of social policy. Insuffi cient attention of the state to the problem of juvenile delinquency determines the deepening of delinquent manifestations in society, disregard for socio-cultural norms, increasing recidivism and violence.

The aim of the article. Development of the concept of juvenile anti-crime policy and establishment of its tasks at the present stage.

Results. Juvenile anti-crime policy is proposed to be understood as the strategy and tactics of the state in the fi eld of combating juvenile delinquency, which determine the directions, goals and means of infl uencing juvenile delinquency, legal regulation of criminal liability of such persons and its implementation by criminal justice, juvenile justice system. juvenile delinquency.

Conclusions. All components of juvenile anti-crime policy, namely the legislation on criminal liability of minors, the practice of its application, juvenile justice and prevention, are in functional dependence and interaction. The mechanism of this interaction is such that changes in one element necessarily lead to corresponding changes in other elements of such a policy. At the present stage, Ukraines juvenile anti-criminal policy has the main tasks of forming a juvenile justice system capable of guaranteeing restorative, rehabilitation, protective and educational justice, as well as ensuring eff ective juvenile prevention, social adaptation and resocialization of juvenile off enders.

Key words: juvenile delinquency, child, juvenile policy, anti-criminal policy, juvenile justice.

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