Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 33 (2022), 498-506 p.
Landina Anna, Nersesian Armen. Ensuring certain rights and freedoms of suspects (accused) in criminal proceedings: problems of theory and practice
Guarantee of protection of human rights and freedoms (suspect, accused), including those with certain mental anomalies, means that the judiciary is able to protect human rights and interests to the extent provided to him in view of the function performed. However, the requirements of national and international legal acts to ensure human rights and freedoms, including the right to judicial protection, are not always properly enforced in criminal proceedings.
The purpose of this study was to determine the rights and freedoms of the suspect (accused) in criminal proceedings, including those with mental anomalies that may be violated, and to make recommendations for improving the mechanism for applying restrictions on such rights and freedoms.
The study allowed us to draw the following conclusions: restrictions on the rights and freedoms of people who have committed a criminal off ense regulated by national and international legal acts do not violate these rights and freedoms in essence if they correspond to the gravity of the crime and the public danger of the perpetrator; any court decision that determines the type and amount of punishment or provides for the application of other criminal law measures must be clearly defi ned, based on expert opinions (in particular, forensic examinations in case of coercive measures of a medical nature) and comply with the principles of law and justice. and humanism; the mechanism for ensuring the rights and freedoms of persons suspected (accused) of committing a crime in criminal proceedings must meet the needs of modernity, constantly improve and operate on the basis of human-centeredness.
This study opens the prospect of further work in this direction in order to improve the mechanism of application of restrictions on human rights and freedoms in criminal proceedings.
Key words: human rights and freedoms, criminal proceedings, right to protection, persons with mental anomalies, suspect, accused.
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