Denyssov V. N.

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 30 (2019),
375-383 p.

DOI: 10.33663/0869-2491-2019-30-375-383

Denyssov V. N. World war and international law. 100 years to the First world war 19141918.

The article highlights the social and international legal aspects related to the occurrence of the First World War 1914-1918. The main reason for this war was globalization of international relations and the consequent crisis of international trade, the rapid development which is based on free trade ran into protectionism, caused by uneven development capitalist relations, above all, the great sates. This happened with the emergence of a Europe united Germany with more efficient economy, which is extremely sharpened struggle between them for its own economic, political and civilizational interests. All this eventually led to destruction of international legal order based on international law, which since the French Revolution of 1789-1794 developed solely on the basis of formal positivist ideology.

After the First World War, these factors have been overcome within the established 1919 League of Nations which sought to limit the legal recourse states to war and even ban it in the Pact Briand-Kellogg in 1928 as an instrument of national policy, and the League of Nations failed to prevent Second World War 1939-1945. These factors in his dimension and persists in the current era, which is much like a time on the eve of the First and Second World Wars. Thus, a new World War can also be a third phase of First World War, if the international community does not immediately take the necessary measures to prevent it.

Key words: World War, the social structure of the international community, international law, international legal order, UN Charter.

References:

1. Tojnbi A. Dzh. Civilizacija pered sudom istorii: Sbornik. Per. s angl. Pod red. V. I. Ukolovoj i D. Je. Haritonovicha. Moskva: Ajris press, 2006. 466 s. (rus)

2. Ibid. (rus)

3. Ibid. S. 276-277. (rus)

4. Fenwick CH. G. International Law. Forth ed. New York, ppleton. Century Crofts, 1965. P. 59-60.

5. Svarlein O. An Introduction to the Law of Nations. New York, Toronto, London : McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1955. P. 78.

6. Wright Q. The strengthening of International Law. Recueil des Cours 1959 III. Tome 98 dela Collection. 1960. A.W. Sithoff, Leyde (Pays-Ras). P. 17.

7. Kleuzevic K. O vojne. Moskva, 1934. S. 14. (rus)

8. Palmer N. P., Perkins H. C. International Relations. The world community in transition. The Liberside Press Cambridge, 1953. P. 415-444.

9. Ibid. P. 47.

10. Ibid. P. 48.

11. Shaw M. N. International Law. Fifth ed. Cambridge University ress, 2004. P. 28.

12. Palmer N. P., Perkins H. C. Op. cit. P. 274; Oksfordskaja illjustrirovannaja jenciklopedija. Tom 4. Vsemirnaja istorija. S 1800 goda i do nashih dnej. Moskva: Izdatelskij Dom INTRA-M. Izdatelstvo Ves mir, 2002. S.278-279. (rus)

13. Denisov V. N. Pravovye aspekty razoruzhenija v raketno-jadernuju jeru. Kiev, 1985. S. 12-42. (rus)

14. Fukujama Frjensis. Konec istorii i poslednij chelovek. Moskva : Izdatelstvo Ermak, 2007. S. 7. (rus)

15. Palmer N. P., Perkins H. C. Op. cit. P. 307.

<<