Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 31 (2020), 363-371 p.
Isaeva Natalia. The development of legol principles of financial activity of local self-government bodies in the conditions of decentralization of power in Ukraine
Introduction. The urgency of the problem of decentralization of power in Ukraine is caused by a number of legal, political and economic problems that need to be solved in the state in the current difficult conditions of its development. The heated discussions on changes to the legislation of Ukraine, including its Basic Law – the Constitution of Ukraine, primarily relate to the redistribution of powers between state authorities and local self-government bodies, determination and consolidation in the legislation of the optimal model of organization of power in Ukraine on the basis of its decentralization.
The aim of the article. To analyze actual legal and theoretical problems of financial activity of local self-government bodies in the conditions of decentralization of power in Ukraine.
Results. The article is devoted to the analysis of current legal and theoretical problems related to the process of decentralization of power in Ukraine. The peculiarities of legal regulation of financial activity of local self-government bodies, in particular the budgetary sphere, under conditions of decentralization of power are considered. The scientific analysis of some theoretical issues is carried out, the solution of which is connected with the improvement of the legislation of Ukraine, which regulates the specified sphere of relations.
At the present stage, the legal regulation of the financial activity of local governments largely determines the effectiveness of their activity as a whole and the efficiency of the process of decentralization of power in Ukraine. And it must solve one of the main tasks – to ensure the optimal combination of the realization of the interests of the population of a particular territory and national interests.
Decentralization of power, creation of united territorial communities relied on strengthening the financial base of local governments during 2014–2018. Therefore, it is extremely dangerous to reduce local budgets subsidies for 2020, as this will hinder budgetary decentralization in Ukraine.
The process of budgetary decentralization should include the liberalization and improvement of intergovernmental budgetary relations, taking into account the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the respective territory. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the terms “region” and “regional self-government”.
Conclusions. Considering the term “region” as a complex structural entity, regional self-government can be considered as self-organization of citizens within a specific territorial sociality, economic structure with its characteristic functions. Equally important is ensuring a change in fiscal discipline in the context of strengthening the financial framework of local self-government in the process of decentralization of power.
In today's context, the social focus of local budgets is also of particular importance. The role of reserve funds, which must necessarily be formed at the local level, to finance unforeseen measures, which must be secured at the legislative level, is growing.
Key words: decentralization of power, financial: decentralization, financial activity of local self-government bodies, budgetary activity of local self-government bodies.
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