Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 32 (2021),
Kozliuk Liudmyla. Perpetrator's identity – central issue of modern criminology (Some Aspects in the Context of Opposing Criminality)
Due to the fact that our society lives in a state of criminality, this study theoretically attempts to show the value of research on the perpetrator's identity and the need to oppose criminality thereof. The purpose of the study is to understand one of the main components of the subject of criminology, which is the perpetrator's identity, to clarify his role and place in the opposing against criminality.
The study applied the principle of social naturalism. It is proved that the study of the identity of the perpetrator on the basis of the principle of social naturalism opens up new opportunities in finding, more successful influence on the behavior of persons committing criminal offenses. Because it determines that the core of the perpetrator's identity is an arbitrariness and illusions complex. Liquidation of which will help increase efficiency in the development and implementation of measures to opposing criminality. Under implementing countermeasures, it is important to know on what aspects to focus on to prevent the mechanism of criminal behavior. It is the study of the perpetrator’s identity from the standpoint of socio-naturalistic criminology opens the way for a successful response to the causes and conditions that shape the perpetrator’s identity and contribute thereof to manifestation in the commission of a crime.
The socio-naturalistic approach to the study of perpetrator’s identity allows the subjects of counteraction accordingly: develop countermeasures and respond to criminality in general.
It is argued that the positive aspect in opposing criminality directly depends on the perpetrator’s identity because through the knowledge of the personal characteristics of those who commit illegal acts, criminogenic factors of crime are explained. These are two interdependent processes. Scientifically substantiated researches of the perpetrator’s identity give the chance to carry out, to correct opposition to criminality. Thus, there is a natural formula: an effective study of the perpetrator’s identity is equal to the effective opposition against criminality.
It has been proven that effective research into the perpetrator’s identity is tied to a logical chain of solving extremely complex criminological problems, including the opposing against criminality. And the successful opposition to this socially negative phenomenon shows that there is an adequate influence on criminogenic factors that give rise to criminality, that is, that the developed measures to opposing criminality are effective. The close connection between the perpetrator’s identity and the opposition against criminality is that the perpetrator’s identity is central to the opposition against criminality, due to the fact that effective research on the perpetrator’s identity, it is possible to implement effective measures.
Key words: criminality, perpetrator’s identity, opposition to criminality, criminal behavior mechanism, social-naturalistic criminology, arbitrariness and illusions complex, person's will and consciousness.
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