Krasilich Nataliia

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 32 (2021),
268-276 p.

Krasilich Nataliia. Legal problems of insurance protection against cyber risks in space activities 

General global trends in space activities are largely related to the need to protect space information technology from possible cyber threats. The issue of cybersecurity in space activities needs to be thoroughly studied and resolved, as the current state of space activities and existing mechanisms of international and state regulation do not provide a sufficient solution.

Disruption of the process of receiving and exchanging information through space information systems can lead to significant consequences. The growing number of cyber threats is becoming more common and destructive. Therefore, the assessment of cyber vulnerabilities in space systems is an important task that must be addressed both at the stage of creation and development, and in the operation of such systems. This, in turn, requires the availability of tools to address the above tasks and qualified personnel.

One of the legal ways to protect against the negative effects of cyber threats, including in the field of space activities, may be cyber risk insurance, as a financial and legal mechanism for compensation, loss of losses caused by cyber attacks. In Ukraine, cyber insurance is in its infancy and needs to develop innovative approaches to further development, taking into account the accumulated positive experience of foreign countries in this area. At the moment, insurance companies are only developing the practice of cyber risk insurance and such insurance contracts are isolated.

In the current environment, as a rule, the issue of cyber risk insurance is included in comprehensive property insurance contracts, liability insurance, financial risks, which significantly limits the compensation of damages. The main difficulty in the process of indemnification under a cyber risk insurance contract is to record the fact of the insured event, the amount of damage and prove the causal link between the insured event and the claimed losses, as the amount of damage must not only be calculated but also documented.

Space information technologies, which are increasingly penetrating economic and social processes, necessitate the development of a segment of cyber insurance in the field of space activities, which will provide adequate insurance protection and compensation for damages to the insured due to cyber incidents. Cyber risk insurance issues should be reflected in national legislation.

Key words: space activity, cyber security, cyber threat, cyber risk insurance, cyber incident.


1. ALLIANZ RISK BAROMETER: Identifying the major business risk for 2021. URL : 2. Memorandum on Space Policy Directive-5 Cybersecurity Principles for Space Systems. Issued on: September 4, 2020. URL : 3. Malysheva N.R., Ghurova A.M. Pravovi zasady kiberbezpeky kosmichnoji dijaljnosti v SShA: dosvid dlja Ukrajiny. Chasopys Kyjivsjkogho universytetu prava. 2020. 3, S. 327328. [uk]. 4. Konvencija pro kiberzlochynnistj vid 23.11.2001 r., ratyfikovana Ukrajinoju 1-.03.2000 r. URL : [uk]. 5.  Koljcov M., Prykhodjko O., Aushev Je. Propozyciji shhodo reformuvannja sfery kiberbezpeky v Ukrajini. 2017. URL : [uk]. 6. Cybersecurity Strategy of the European Union: An Open, Safe and Secure Cyberspace Joint communication to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 7.2.2013. URL : 7. Directive (EU) 2016/1148 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2016 concerning measures for a high common level of security of network and information systems across the Union. URL : 8. Pro informaciju: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 2.10.2002  r. 2657-XII. Data onovlennja: 16.07.2020. URL : [uk]. 9. Pro zakhyst informaciji v informacijno-telekomunikacijnykh systemakh: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 5.08.1994 r. 80/94-VR. Data onovlennja: 4.07.2020. URL : [uk]. 10. Pro nacionaljnu bezpeku Ukrajiny: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 21.06.2018 r. 2469-VIII. Data onovlennja: 24.10.2020 r. URL : [uk]. 11. Pro osnovni zasady zabezpechennja kiberbezpeky Ukrajiny: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 05.10.2017 2163-VIII. Data onovlennja: 24.10.2020 r. URL : show/2163-19 [uk]. 12. Strateghija nacionaljnoji bezpeky Ukrajiny: zatverdzhena Ukazom Prezydenta Ukrajiny vid 14.09.2020 r. 392/2020. URL : [uk]. 13. Fakhivci Nacionaljnogho koordynaciy̆nogho centru kiberbezpeky pry Radi nacionaljnoji bezpeky i oborony Ukraïny rozpochaly rozrobku Strateghiji kiberbezpeky Ukrajiny. URL : [uk]. 14. Doktryna informacijnoji bezpeky Ukrajiny: zatverdzhena Ukazom Prezydenta Ukrajiny vid 25.02.2017 r. 47/2017. URL : [uk]. 15. Zaghaljni vymoghy do kiberzakhystu ob'jektiv krytychnoji infrastruktury. Zatverdzheno postanovoju Kabinetu Ministriv 19.06.2019 518. URL : [uk]. 16. Pro kosmichnu dijaljnistj: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 15.10.1996 r. 502/96-VR. Data onovlennja: 24.10.2020 r. URL : [uk]. 17. V Ukrajini zrostaje kiljkistj kiberatak. URL : [uk]. 18. Seliverstova L.S., Trukhan D.A. Pidkhody do rozvytku kiberstrakhuvannja jak seghmentu ghlobaljnogho strakhovogho rynku. Ekonomika i derzhava, 2020. 1. S. 2327. URL : [uk]. 19. Pro strakhuvannja: Zakon Ukrajiny vid 7.03.1996 85/96-VR. Data onovlennja: 10.12.2020. URL : [uk]. 20. Kharakterystyka ta kvalifikacijni oznaky vydiv dobroviljnogho strakhuvannja, zatverdzhena rozporjadzhennjam Derzhavnoji komisiji z reghuljuvannja rynkiv finansovykh poslugh Ukrajiny vid 09.07.2010 1119/18414. Data onovlennja: 7.04.2020 r. URL : [uk]. 21. Jermakova O.O. Strakhuvannja informacijnykh ryzykiv. Ryzyky nestabiljnosti: bezpeka i upravlinnja: zb. materialiv mizhdyscyplinar. nauk.-prakt. konf., Kyiv, 16 bereznja 2018 r. URL : [uk]. 22. Rozvytok kiberstrakhuvannja jak seghmentu ghlobaljnogho strakhovogho rynku. URL : [uk]. 23. Pighulka vid khakeriv: jak biznes zakhyshhaje sebe vid kiberatak. URL: [uk].

<< Back