Skrypniuk Oleksandr

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava Volume 32 (2021),
202-211 p.

Skrypniuk Oleksandr. Democracy and the political regime and the role of law in efficient functioning of democratic institutions

The article inquiries into the features of the law impact on the effective functioning of democratic institutions. The essence of democracy as a legal phenomenon and the process of its formation are examined, alongside with the perspectives of current legal institutions. The clause that the key feature of the political regime is how the issues of human and civil rights and freedoms are approached in the state, the level of the peoples political involvement in the process of state and legal decision-making, the compatibility of government institutions with the relevant state legal framework, the presence of opposition and the prospects for competitive rivalry of political parties in the process of forming the public authorities. It is concluded that the specificity of democracy lies in the ability of its resources to self-reproduce within the existing system of the state legal institution. Drawing heavily on law abidance and compliance with the order in the state, democracy is well-positioned to implement economic and social reforms without significant material costs. The conclusions reached in the study are based on the standpoint of constitutional scholars who studied traditional and atypical forms of democracy, including the electronic one. The recommendations for improving the feasibility of political and legal system of Ukraine by strengthening the role of e-government are elaborated in the article by way of decentralization, gender equality, access to justice, independence of the media, blockchain technologies for information protection in the information society. The research methodology is based on the general scientific method of scientific cognition. In the process of examining the essence of democracy, its formation and further differentiation, historical and legal, formal and legal, formal and logical methods, the methods of analysis and synthesis were also applied.

Key words: political regime, democracy, institution of democracy, constitutional law, rule of law, legitimacy, human rights, decentralization, blockchain democracy.

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