Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 32 (2021),
Vasetsky Viacheslav. The origins of human rights legal doctrine: the influence of global historical events.
Currently, there are trends of significant change, which covers almost all countries. The changes are due to the processes of globalization, scientific and technological progress. Large-scale socially significant historical events are also the source of significant changes in the legal sphere. These circumstances indicate the relevance of the study of the general provisions of doctrinal sources of law, which is also important in relation to the development of the legal system of Ukraine.
The aim of the article is to study the origins of changes in the legal sphere, ensuring human rights and freedoms as one of the main directions of development of doctrinal sources of law and determining the role of global socially significant historical events in this process.
It is noted that in the scientific literature the definition of "legal doctrine", its main elements, features and classification may differ from each other. When the sources of law go beyond individual national legal systems, they may belong to different legal families. Such sources include the doctrine of human rights, which is now recognized by most countries. The origins of the doctrine of human rights and freedoms have non-state origin. This, in our opinion, is the main feature of the doctrine of human rights and freedoms, which is common to all countries.
In Recent history, the origins of human rights have been the historical events of the mid-twentieth century. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was the first document of a universal nature and a defining act in the field of human rights protection. On the European continent, on the basis of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the international institute, the European Court of Human Rights, operates. After Ukraine's accession to the Council of Europe and ratification of the European Convention, the provisions of these institutions are in force in the country. Thus, in relation to the observance of human rights and freedoms, the principle of legal responsibility of the state to the individual has acquired special significance.
The conclusions are as follows: the main feature of the doctrine of human rights is that it has a common character for all countries and is manifested in the interaction of national entities within a single world system, interaction and convergence of positivist and case law systems, creating common legal standards in the field human rights; a consequence of historical events of the mid-late twentieth century. there were changes in the field of human rights, which led to the improvement of the institution of legal responsibility of the state to the person.
Key words: legal doctrine, human rights, legal responsibility, law origins.
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