Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 32 (2021),
Vasylenko Oleksandr. Electronic payment system as an object of criminal encroachment
Introduction. In recent years, the number of payment transactions carried out using electronic payment systems has grown rapidly. Despite the steady growth of electronic payments among both individuals and legal entities, a number of problems remain unresolved, which primarily include ensuring the security of electronic payment transactions by the state at the legislative level and the development of effective means of combating and preventing crime. in the specified area. The current criminal legislation contains certain rules that can ensure the security of the electronic payment system. But insufficient research of some theoretical aspects of criminal liability for this type of criminal offenses significantly reduces the effectiveness of criminal law protection of this area of life. One such aspect is the theoretical uncertainty of the object that falls under the protection of criminal law. In particular, there is a lack of theoretical definition of the system of electronic payments in terms of the object, which is placed under the protection of criminal law.
The aim of the article. The importance of the researched problems and the need to increase the efficiency of the current Criminal Code of Ukraine determine the purpose of this study, which is to define the concept of electronic payment system as an object of criminal protection.
Results. Criminal offenses committed in the system of electronic payments belong to a qualitatively new type of mercenary crime in the banking sector, which is directly related to the modernization of economic relations in society. They cover the sphere of economic interests of the state as a whole, individual legal entities, as well as individuals who use the electronic payment system in their own interests. There is a need to develop a universal criminal law terminology in order to improve the regulatory framework governing relations in the field of electronic payments. Unfortunately, the definition of electronic payment system (electronic payment system) has not been properly developed either in the financial and economic sphere or in jurisprudence, and the existing definitions are not clear and contain a list of essential features of such systems.
Conclusions. The system of electronic payments as an object of criminal encroachment - is regulated by law the order of public relations for the transfer of funds between participants in the payment system through a special payment mechanism, which is a set of methods, tools, methods to make calculations for effective and safe transfer of funds from the payer to the recipient in time and space and regulated by a special law and payment rules, are implemented on the basis of the contract against which the criminal encroachment is directed. This definition indicates the specifics of the electronic payment system as an object of crime, and also contains a list of all the most important features of this system, which will further contribute to the correct classification of crimes committed in this area.
Key words: electronic payment system, payment system, object of criminal encroachment, electronic money, means of payment.
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