Yearly journal of scientific articles “Pravova derzhava” Volume 33 (2022), 247-255 p.
Samoilenko Îlena. At the sources of Ukrainian Juvenile Justice: Valery Levitsky and Yuriy Novitsky – founders of the Kiev court for minors
The idea of the birth of courts for children originated in Australia, but it was widely known in 1899 in the United States. The main idea was to replace the reprisals for the birth of children, as if they had committed a malice, a wrongful-vichalic beginning. To have good indications that the idea was transferred in 1904 to Western Europe – back to England, then to Germany, France and in 1910, as an experiment, this was implemented in Russia in the city of St. Petersburg. For the results of the activity of a special court for juveniles in St. Petersburg, it was ruled out that people would come to the court to order such a court in Kiev.
The process of organizing the court dragged on for a long time. Until the fi rst September of 1913, the project of splitting and making submissions to the Kiev Star of the World Judges. After that, with insignifi cant changes in the vins of fi lings to the 1st Department of the Ministry of Justice. In early 1913, the Ministry of Justice praised the project, and on September 7, 1914, the Kyiv City Court of the World Courts praised the courts of minors accused and minor victims in an open court. All right, they were seen and entrusted to the additonal justice of the peace. On September 7, 1914, the Kiev City Hall of the World Judgment made a decision to appoint a young, talented, accomplished justice of the peace, Valeriy Mikhailovich Levitsky, to the tenure.
The article deals with the life and creative path of outstanding but little – known lawyers, active members of the Society of Kiev patronage, founders of the Kiev court for minors-Valery Mikhailovich Levitsky and Yuri Petrovich Novitsky. A general overview of their offi cial careers, their role and place in the formation of the Ukrainian juvenile justice system is presented. Their steady energy in achieving their goals and amazing hard work are shown.
Key words: Society Kiev patronage, Kiev court for minors, additional Justice of the peace, justice of the peace, minors.
1.«Kiyevskaya mysl’» 19 noyabrya 1909 r. [rus]. 2. Gal’perina-Ginzburg Ye. A. Pod znamenem prava. Sbornik statey. Predisloviye i redaktsiya A. Kizevettera. Berlin, 1923. 375 c. [rus]. 3. Otchet za 1912 god. Kiyevskiy Patronat (O-vo pokrovitel’stva litsam,osvobozhdayemym iz mest zaklyucheniya g. Kiyeva). Tipografi ya 1-y Kiyevskoy arteli Pech. dela, Trekhsvyatitel’skaya, 5. Kiyev, 1912. S. 7, 30 [rus]. 4. Kiyevskiy Patronat (O-vo pokrovitel’stva litsam osvobozhdennym iz mest zaklyucheniya g. Kiyeva) Otchet o deyatel’nosti za 1911 god. Tipografi ya 1-y Kiyevskoy Artelii Pech. Delayu Trekhsvyatitel’skaya 5. 1912 god. S. 33–37 [rus]. 5. Levitskiy V. M. Bor’ba na Yuge: Fakty. Lyudi. Nastroyeniya / predisl. V. V. Shul’gina; sost., nauch. red., avt. vstup. st. i komment. A. A. Chemakin. Moskva: Fond «Svyaz’ Epokh», 2019. 256 s. [rus]. 6. Tarasova Ye. L. Detskiy sud za granitsey i v Rossii. Moskva, 1912. S. 3, 15 [rus]. 7. Levitskiy V. M. Detskiy sud i voyna (vtoroy god deyatel’nosti osobogo suda dlya maloletnikh v Kiyeve). Kiyev, 1916. S. 7 [rus]. 8. Derzhavniy arkhív m. Kiêva. F. 16, Op. 465, D. 4103. S. 2 [ukr]. 9. TSDAVO Ukraí̈ni. F. 1133, Op. 1., Spr. 26., Ark. 30 [ukr]. 10. Nezabytyye mogily, Rossiyskoye zarubezh’ye nekrologi 1917–1997 gg. v 6-ti tomakh. V. N. Chuvakov, sostavitel’. T. 4. Moskva, 2004. S. 96 [rus]. 11. Sorokin V. V like muchenikov. Nauka i religiya. 1991. ¹ 5. S. 13 [rus]; Berzin P.S. Svyatyy Velykomuchenyk Yuriy Novytsʹkyy – Nebesnyy pokrovytelʹ vitchyznyanoyi shkoly kryminalʹnoho prava. Kiyiv: Znannya Ukrayiny, 2006. 23 s. [ukr]. 12. Samoylenko O.O. Pritulki dlya areshtants’kikh dítey u Kiêví naprikíntsí KHÍKH – pochatku KHKH st. Vísnik penítentsíarnoí̈ asotsíatsíí̈ Ukraí̈ni. 2020. ¹ 3 (13). S. 13–23 [ukr]. DOI: 10.34015/2523-4552.2020.3.02. 13. https://ksu.edu.ru/svedeniya-ob-organizatsii/struktura-i-organy-upravleniya/instituty/yuridicheskij-institutimeni-yu-p-novitskogo/novitskij-yu-p.html