Batanova Nataliia

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava
Volume 34 (2023), 326-336 p.

DOI: 10.33663/1563-3349-2023-34-326-336

Batanova Nataliia. The problems of constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the context of foreign experience

The article provides a conceptual analysis of the constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the context of foreign experience. General theoretical and practical issues of the formation and realization of the constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine are studied.

It is emphasized that for a deep and versatile understanding of parliamentarism, to successfully solve the problems of the functioning of parliamentary democracy, one should remember the inextricable connection between the processes of parliamentarization in the state and the formation of mechanisms of legal (primarily constitutional and legal) responsibility of higher state authorities.

The issue of the responsibility of the parliament the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine remains one of the most urgent and complex issues in the formation and implementation of constitutional and legal responsibility in Ukraine. The Constitution of  Ukraine, on the one hand, established a fairly wide range of powers of the parliament, but, on the other hand, provided much less grounds for its constitutional and legal responsibility.

The foreign experience of constitutional regulation and the practice of applying the institution of dissolution of parliaments are analyzed. Proposals are made to improve the grounds of constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. In particular, it is proposed to enshrine in Art. 90 of the Constitution of Ukraine, the constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the form of early termination of its powers in the event that it does not approve within three months the State Budget of Ukraine prepared and submitted in accordance with the established procedure by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

It is noted that the institution of constitutional and legal responsibility of the highest bodies of state power, fi rst of all, the parliament the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, is an effective guarantee of the constitutional system, democracy and the functioning of civil society. The presence of relevant clear and detailed procedures of constitutional and legal responsibility of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine will minimizethe problems of constitutional rights exercise and law enforcement. It is under such conditions that we can talk about the adequacy and reality of the application of sanctions of constitutional and legal responsibility, including in relation to the parliament the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, and because of this to create political and legal prerequisites for the formation of an effective system of checks and balances and a responsible government capable of minimizing violation of the Constitution, to guarantee the change ability and continuity of public power, to ensure the democratization of constitutional institutions and processes.

Key words: constitutional and legal responsibility, early termination of the powers of the parliament, dissolution of parliament, parliamentarism, constitutional legality,constitutional conflict, constitutional order.

References

1. Slovska I. Ye. Konstytutsiino-pravovyi status parlamentu Verkhovnoi RadyUkrainy: monohrafi ia. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter, 2013. S. 211 [ukr.]. 

2. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy Pro dostrokove prypynennia povnovazhen Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy ta pryznachennia pozacherhovykh vyboriv vid 27 serpnia 2014 r. Sait Verkhovnoi RadyUkrainy. URL: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/690/2014 [ukr.]. 

3. Kontseptsiia parlamentskoi reformy Ukraina pislia peremohy. Bachennia Ukrainy 2030. Kyiv, 2023.18 s. S.4 [ukr.]. 

4. Rishennia Konstytutsiinoho Sudu Ukrainy u spravi za konstytutsiinympodanniam Prezydenta Ukrainy pro ofi tsiine tlumachennia polozhen chastyny druhoi statti90, punktu 8 chastyny pershoi statti 106 Konstytutsii Ukrainy (sprava pro umovydostrokovoho prypynennia povnovazhen Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy) vid 19 travnia 2004 r.Holos Ukrainy. 2004. 22 chervnia [ukr.]. 

5. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy Pro dostrokoveprypynennia povnovazhen Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy ta pryznachennia pozacherhovykhvyboriv vid 21 travnia 2019 roku 303/2019. Sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/303/2019#Text [ukr]. 

6. Shapoval V. M. Konstytutsiine pravozarubizhnykh krain: pidruch. Kyiv: In Yure, 2015. S. 203 [ukr.]. 

7. Konstytutsiia Respubliky Moldova. Deklaratsiia nezalezhnosti. Postanova KS 36 vid 05.12.2013 r.: Konstytutsiinyiblok / Konstytutsiinyi sud Resp. Moldova; pidhotovlene pid kerivnytstvom AleksandruTenase; pereklad na ukr. movu: Kateryna Kozhukhar. Chişinău: Arc, 2016 (Tipogr.Balacron). URL: https://www.undp.org/sites/g/fi les/zskgke326/fi les/migration/md/ Constitutia-RM-format-mic-Ucr-Tipar-15-07-2016.pdf [ukr.]. 

8. Prezydentka Moldovy rozpustyla parlament. DW. URL: https://www.dw.com/uk/prezydentka-moldovy-rozpustylaparlament-ta-pryznachyla-novi-vybory/a-57366222 [ukr.]. 

9. Constitution of the Republic of  Estonia. URL: https://president.ee/en/republic-of-estonia/the-constitution.

10. Constitución Española. URL: https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1978-3 1 2 2 9 & f b c l i d = I w A R 0 N T- o L X j v l P W q C 3 F U O 4 a K u h z V P x f Z w r h c -koWisf2bqDiA2swKNyIyepc [esp.]. 

11. Korol Ispanii rozpustyv parlament i pryznachyvnovi vybory. ZN.UA. URL: https://zn.ua/ukr/WORLD/korol-ispaniyi-rozpustiv-parlament-ipriznachiv-novi-vibori-207436_.html [ukr.]. 

12. Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Bundesministerium der Justiz. URL: http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/gg/index.html [germ.]. 

13. The Constitution of Greece. URL: http://www.hri.org/docs/syntagma/?fbclid=IwAR2Mr-C6kxr5J-xTMtu04b3VJFLFDvhiDxRtPWo6PZ2nGKuxOcJiKL3Mw_Y. 

14. Constitution of the Republic of Estonia. Tam samo. 

15. The Constitution ofGreece. Tam samo. 

16. Turkmenistans Constitution of 2008 with Amendments through 2016. Constituteproject.org. URL: https://constituteproject.org/constitution/Turkmenistan_2016.pdf?lang=en. 

17. Constitution of the Republic of Estonia. Tam samo.

18. Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. Sejm Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej. URL: https://www.sejm.gov.pl/prawo/konst/polski/kon1.htm [pl.]. 

19. The Constitution of the Republicof Croatia. Croatian Parliament. URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20101207160145/http://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?art=2409. 

20. Barabash Yu. H. Instytut rozpusku parlamentu nasuchasnomu etapi derzhavotvorennia: porivnialno-pravovyi analiz. Universytetski naukovizapysky. 2008. 1 (25). S. 3643. S. 41 [ukr.]. 

21. Premier Ispanii pidpysav ukaz prorozpusk parlamentu i provedennia vyboriv. ZN.UA. URL: https://zn.ua/ukr/WORLD/premyer-ispaniyi-pidpisav-ukaz-pro-rozpusk-parlamentu-i-provedennya-viboriv-304573_.html[ukr.]. 

22. Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan. URL: https://constitution.uz/en/clause/index. 

23. Kansttutsia Rspubliki Belarus. URL: https://president.gov.by/be/gosudarstvo/constitution [bel.]. 

24. Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrainy Pro proholoshenniavseukrainskoho referendumu za narodnoiu initsiatyvoiu vid 15 sichnia 2000 r. Uriadovyikurier. 2000. 18 sichnia [ukr.].

<< Back