Kvasha Roman

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava
Volume 34 (2023), 546-555 p.

DOI: 10.33663/1563-3349-2023-34-546-555

Kvasha Roman. The essence of the concept of violence in the theory of criminal law of Ukraine

Introduction. The problem of violence is traditionally one of the most relevant in domestic criminal law science. It is primarily about the problem of defining the meaning of the concept of "violence", the specifics of physical and mental (psychological) violence as objective signs of the components of violent crimes. Regarding physical violence, there are no terminological discussions in domestic legal science, in contrastto mental/psychological violence. It should be noted that both in the normative legalacts of Ukraine and in jurisprudence, both concepts of "mental violence" and"psychological violence" are found equally, so for the purposes of this article, we willuse both concepts. Violence is one of the most dangerous elements of violation of human rights, the provision of which in any legal social state is a priority direction of state policy. 

The aim of the article is to determine the essence of the concept of violence in the theory of criminal law of Ukraine.

Conclusions. from the standpoint of social naturalism and a normative approach to a broad interpretation of the concept of violence, it is proposed to understand violence as both a physical and a psychological impact on the victim. The opposite approach, according to which violence is identified exclusively with physical impact on another person, is based on positivism and does not take into account the dualistic nature of this phenomenon. The main types of violence are physical and psychological. Objective and subjective signs of violence are singled out: this is illegal behavior that manifests itself in the external environment and is expressed in specific conscious acts of human activity; targeting another person's body; the presence of a specific addressee (the victim - in the case of direct violence, or his relatives - in the case of indirect violence); can take place both against and against the will of another person (victim);the intentional character of the person's behavior; the ability to influence the unconscious and cause physical, moral, property damage to another person; the presence of a goal to cause harm to another person of a certain nature.

Key words: violence, aggression, physical violence, psychological violence,economic violence, sexual violence, mobbing, bullying, coercion, harm, influence, responsibility, inviolability, types of violence.

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