Simutina Yana

Yearly journal of scientific articles Pravova derzhava
Volume 34 (2023), 431-444 p.

DOI: 10.33663/1563-3349-2023-34-431-444

Simutina Yana. Remote work in Ukraine: problems and prospects of improving its legal regulation

The article is devoted to the problems and prospects of legal regulation of remote work in Ukraine. Attention is paid to international and European standards dedicated to the features of remote work. Special attention is devoted to the study of the problems of limiting remote work for certain categories of workers under martial law. The conclusion is justified that the concept of remote work can be used to denote two phenomena that are different in their content. Firstly, remote work is a special mode of work that can be applied temporarily by the employers decision as a forced measure in the event of certain life-threatening circumstances or peoples health. Secondly, remote work as a special labour organization provides that teleworkers constantly perform work outside the employers location due to the specificity of their labour function.

The use of an electronic digital signature in the interaction between the employer and the remote worker is a separate problem in the course of organizing remote work.The question arises about the financial costs of obtaining it (on whom they should rely)and the need to use such a signature when familiarizing the remote worker with the orders, job description, and local acts of the employer. Also, the possibility of bringing a teleworker to disciplinary responsibility remains an unsolved problem, in particular, in what way the disciplinary offenses of such a worker should be documented, and his guilt should be established if the improper performance of labor duties was due to technical reasons or other circumstances independent of the worker. The latter becomes especially relevant in the current conditions of a full-scale war with russia, given the difficult situation in the dilapidated energy system of Ukraine, constant power outages and lack of mobile or internet connection.

Proposals regarding the need to improve the legal regulation of remote work in a separate section of the Labour Code are formulated. In particular with the regulation of the ways of interaction between the employer and the teleworker in the process of performing work (the order of protection and exchange of information, transfer of the employers tasks, control over their execution); access of teleworkers to opportunities for training and career growth; the mechanism for protecting the rights of teleworkers with the help of trade unions, their participation in collective negotiations and the resolution of collective labour disputes.

Key words: remote work, special form of labour organization, labour contract on remote work, non-standard employment.

References

1. Konventsiia MOP 177 pro nadomnu pratsiu vid 20.06.1996. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/993_327#Text (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023) [ukr.].

2. Rekomendatsiia MOP 184 shchodo nadomnoi pratsi vid 20.06.1996. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/993_100#Text (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023) [ukr.].

3. Eurofound and the International Labour Office (2017), Working anytime, anywhere: The effects on the world of work, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, andthe International Labour Office, Geneva. URL: https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---dgreports/---dcomm/--- publ/documents/publication/wcms_544138.pdf (data zvernennia:03.01.2023). 

4. Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4November 2003 concerning certain aspects of the organisation of working time. URL:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32003L0088 (datazvernennia: 03.01.2023). 

5. Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health of workers atwork. URL: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/1989/391/oj 

6. The Framework Agreement onTelework. URL: https://resourcecentre.etuc.org/sites/default/fi les/202009/Telework%202002_Framework%20Agreement%20-%20EN.pdf (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023).

7. Huybrechts S. 20 years Framework Agreement on Telework: looking back to move forward. URL: http://global-workplace-law-and-policy.kluwerlawonline.com/2022/07/18/20-years-framework-agreement-on-telework-looking-back-to-moveforward/(data zvernennia: 03.01.2023). 

8. Parpan T. V. Zakonodavchi zminy shchodo pohlyblennia fleksybilizatsii u trudovykh pravovidnosynakh, zumovleni pandemiieiu COVID-19. Yurydychnyi naukovyi elektronnyi zhurnal. 2021. 8. S. 154 [ukr.]. 

9. Sud u Nimechchyni postanovyv vyplatyty kompensatsiiu choloviku, yakyi, pratsiuiuchy vdoma,vpav po dorozi vid lizhka do kompiutera. URL: https://yur-gazeta.com/golovna/sud-unimechchini-postanoviv-viplatiti-kompensaciyu-choloviku-yakiy-pracyuyuchi-vdomavpav-po-dorozi.html (data zvernennia: 01.12.2022) [ukr.]. 

10. Deiaki pytannia orhanizatsii roboty derzhavnykh sluzhbovtsiv ta pratsivnykiv derzhavnykh orhaniv u period voiennoho stanu: postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 12.04.2022 440. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/440-2022-%D0%BF#Text (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023) [ukr.].

11. Nehara R.V. Dystantsiina robota derzhavnykh sluzhbovtsiv z-za kordonu: problemy pravovoho rehuliuvannia ta praktychnoi realizatsii v umovakh voiennoho stanu //Yevropeiskyi vybir Ukrainy, rozvytok nauky ta natsionalna bezpeka v realiiakh masshtabnoi viiskovoi ahresii ta hlobalnykh vyklykiv KhKhI stolittia: u 2 t.: materialy Mizhnar.nauk.-prakt. konf. (m. Odesa, 17 chervnia 2022 r.) / za zah. red. S. V. Kivalova. Odesa:Vydavnychyi dim Helvetyka, 2022. T. 2. S. 63-67 [ukr.]. 

12. Deiaki pytannia orhanizatsii roboty pratsivnykiv subiektiv hospodariuvannia derzhavnoho sektoru ekonomiky na periodvoiennoho stanu: postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 26.04.2022 481. URL:https://www.kmu.gov.ua/npas/deyaki-pitannya-organizaciyi-roboti-pracivnikiv-subyektivgospodaryuvannya-derzhavnogo-sektoru-ekonomiki-na-period-voyennogo-stanu-481 (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023) [ukr.]. 

13. Lyst Ministerstva ekonomiky Ukrainy vid 14.05.2022 3211-07/24215-01. URL: https://eo.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Roziasnennia-Minekonomiky.pdf (data zvernennia: 03.01.2023) [ukr.]. 

14. Lutsenko O. Ye. Trudo-pravovi aspekty vykorystannia dystantsiinoi pratsi v umovakh voiennoho stanu. Naukovyi visnyk Uzhhorodskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Seriia Pravo. 2022. Vypusk 72: chastyna 2.S. 30 [ukr.].

<< Back