Onishchenko N. Civic education, moral and legal components
Nowadays, unfortunately, even a significant improvement in the economic situation in the country will not be able to quickly put in order civil responsibility, the basis of which is a proper citizenship. This is the problem of personality’s formation which is able to think independently, make decisions, publicly express own opinions, to recognize and take responsibility for the consequences of public, including political, activity. Therefore, speaking today about the proper political and legal activity of the person, we should start with a «beginning of the beginnings» – a proper civil education (as a process) and appropriate civil education (as a result).
In the scientific article, the author proves that only a person, who educated in the ideals of democracy, the best the example of developed civil society, decency, high service to humanity and devotion to civil position can become a worthy member of the Ukrainian society.
Today, society needs a revival of respect for the law, the principle of the rule of law, strengthening the credibility of public opinion formation and development of citizenship.
Given a specific format, the author dwells on scientific review category «civil education», more precisely, its moral and legal components of saturation. Civil education, other than those constituents, and has many other factors, ethics, aesthetics, religion etc.
Civil education is composed of many different factors: ethics, aesthetics, religion, etc. Nevertheless, the author dwells on the analysis of the components of civil education as its moral and legal saturation. Morale is an important social institution. It is a set of principles, views, estimates, beliefs which are formed and developed historically, and based on these standards of conduct, define and regulate the relationship of people to each other, to society, state, family, collective, surrounding reality. Important in morality - an idea of good and evil.
One of the main problems facing the modern Ukrainian society is a significant moral and ethical inertia caused by the imposition of value priorities decades of totalitarian society. One of the main challenges of today’s human science and education in the country is to overcome this negative tendency.
At first glance, it seemed that the spiritual, moral, national surge, which was observed at the beginning of Ukrainian independence, should contribute to the development of a new civil morality, which would be based on the principles of self-esteem and national dignity. At the beginning of Ukrainian independence was not unfounded hope that under the direct influence of germs of civil society will be held waking activity and enterprising people – this has not happened for a number of objective and subjective reasons and factors that are well known to all. In many ways, this process is due to the lack of people formed the ideal of civil behavior.
Civil society can serve as a kind of moral canon. In turn, the morality of civil society called the «ethic of citizenship», a new ethic, which is based on love of neighbor. An important feature of the formation of humanistic morality of civil society in Ukraine is value in it national and universal priorities. It should be noted that the Ukrainian culture and public opinion have always had a humanistic foundation. Therefore, in connection with globalization processes that occur in the world, for our society, it is important not to lose humanistic anthropological potential. The principles of traditional family ethics, aesthetic perception of reality, indifferent attitude towards the suffering of others, the Orthodox religious morality, etc. must be stored and used in order to establish the humanistic moral compass of civil society.
Development of a national system of civil education and upbringing which is designed to affirm moral priorities of the person as a member of civil society, is the immediate task of its structures, institutions and organizations. It should also be noted that at present the society takes great practical interest and demands on law and legal institutions, their efficiency and effectiveness. In practice, this trend is expressed in the desire to improve and enhance the effectiveness of legislative work and realization of law to protect the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests. Now, more than ever, updated the problem of obtaining proper legal education.
Key words: civic education, ethics, civil society, law, legal education, legal education.