Iryna Kresina, Oleksiy Kresin

Iryna Kresina, Oleksiy Kresin. The legal capacity of peoples in international law

The article states that the peoples as subjects of international law have own legal capacity, which provides a set of rights (to self-determination, equality, international personality, popular sovereignty, respect for the integrity of the national territory, ordering their natural wealth and resources, the struggle of colonial peoples for exercising their right to self-determination and independence, receiving aid national liberation movements from foreign states and international organizations, preservation and development of their culture and respect for it, including its identity, a life in dignity, in freedom and use the fruits of social progress, peace, the return of its property, which people was denied because of robbery, and to adequate compensation; also distinguished are the rights of indigenous peoples) and obligations (dissemination of culture and education and cooperation with other peoples in this field, social progress promotion). Considered is the correlation of human and peoples rights – as a complex issue in the context of the debate about the existence of collective human rights comprehensively still not resolved, although existing tendency to their separate consideration. The issue of peoples rights codification had been developed for nearly half a century, was the subject of Ukrainian SSR and international non-governmental organizations and forums initiatives, but still reflected only in the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights (1981).

Key words: people, national liberation movement, popular sovereignty, the legal capacity of people, the people rights.

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