Vasetsky Viacheslav. The human rights as a major factor of progress og society at the present stage of its development
In the modern world of human rights become one of major factors of development of a society. In the conditions of the global world the following phenomena take great importance in comparison with other legal phenomena: convergence of national legal systems, creation of uniform legal standards, first of all in sphere of human rights, their rights, freedom, responsibilities.
The main aim of paper is to analyze the question of development and introduction in legal practice of a principle of human rights as major factor which characterizes progress in a direction of support of the basic civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights, to their warranting, first of all, in the countries of the Romance-German legal system.
The factors which determine the legal responsibility of Ukraine ensuring the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, to create tools and procedures, for developing of appropriate of mechanisms in this regard are modern situations of Ukraine’s development, its aspirations to join the European Society of civilized countries, the implementation of the ratification of the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and the relevant state’s obligation.
The problem of the state’s responsibility to the person is relatively new in the national and international law. Recently there were scientific studies that have not only a regulatory and practical, but doctrinal character. Note that development of the concept is an enhancement to the institute of legal state’s responsibility to the civil society and the person in Ukraine. This paper observed that the organization of the democratic, social, rule of law in the independent Ukraine objectively provides for establishing and implementing the principle of mutual responsibility the state and person.
Because essential changes in the world, recent revision of security measures in Europe, where Ukraine found itself in the middle of the action, and the deepening of democratic reforms in Ukraine, should expect to the appearance of fundamental research in reciprocal legal responsibility of state and person, not only towards the rights and freedoms of individual and citizen, but also in the wider sphere of interaction.
The conclusion is made of following: the human rights become an integral part not only a legal life; they make a certain universal principle of social regulation in civilized countries. Refusal of the state of such responsibility not only contradicts obligations of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, it removes the corresponding country from a direction of development of a society in the modern world
Key words: human rights, legal systems, juridical mechanism of protection.